Previously we covered Investment Advisor Registration in our blog When Do You Have to Register as an Investment Adviser?, discussing what the Investment Advisors Act of 1940 defines as an investment advisor and what triggers the registration requirements. In this blog, we will focus on the exclusions from the definition of investment advisor at the federal and state level.
The Investment Advisers Act of 1940 defines an investment adviser as any person who, for compensation, engages in the business of advising others as too the value of securities or the advisability of investing in securities or, as part of regular business, issues analyses or reports concerning securities.
Any person who is considered an investment adviser will be subject to the Investment Adviser Act of 1940 and be required to register with either the SEC or the States. A person would be considered an investment adviser if they engaged in these three activities:
- Provides investment advice, reports, or analysis with respect to securities;
- Is in the business of providing advice or analysis; and
- Receives compensation, directly or indirectly, for these services.
The Successor Rules in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 allows for the legitimate transfer business between two or more entities. Succession can occur when one entity acquires substantially all of the assets and liabilities of an existing RIA, and is able to rely on a predecessor’s registration as an investment adviser with the SEC. In a guidance update, the SEC defines the instances where succession is applicable: A change of the state or territory in which a business is organized and/or a change in its form of organization; A change in control or a change in leadership at an Read more about Registered Investment Adviser Succession[…]
Individuals looking to be in the business of giving investment advice for compensation will most likely need to register as an investment advisor representative (“IAR”). There are a couple of differences between becoming an IAR and a registered investment advisor(“RIA”). Most notably, only a natural person (a human being and not an entity) can be considered and IAR, and IARs never register with the SEC, only with the individual states. For an example of how to register with a state, check out the process for registering as an IAR with the state of Georgia on the Georgia Secretary of State’s website.
The North American Securities Administrators Association, Inc. (“NASAA”) is requesting public comment regarding a proposed model rule for information security and privacy for registered investment advisers (RIAs) under the Uniform Securities Acts Of 1956 And 2002. NASSA has been actively working on addressing various investment adviser-related cybersecurity concerns and desires for several years and has identified a significant need for more information and tools regarding cybersecurity.
In our previous blog on Registered Investment Advisers (RIAs), “How to Register as an RIA: What is a Registered Investment Adviser?”, we discussed some important basics of RIAs – how does one define an RIA, what is Fiduciary Duty, why do RIAs need to register, what is the difference between state registration and SEC registration, etc. Today, we will return to the topic of state registration vs. SEC registration in order to provide a more thorough examination of the issue.